The web has now been with us for almost 25 years: new media is simply not that new anymore. It has developed to become an inherent part of our social, cultural, political, and social lives, and is accordingly leaving behind a detailed documentary record of society and events since the advent of widespread web archiving in 1996. These two key points lie at the heart of our in-preparation Handbook of Web History: that the history of the web itself needs to be studied, but also that its value as an incomparable historical record needs to be inquired as well. Weiterlesen
Call for Papers
Interactions: Studies in Communication and Culture, Issue 8.1: Archives of the Digital
Guest Editors: Hermann Rotermund, Wolfgang Hagen and Christian Herzog (Leuphana University Lüneburg)
Reminder of the deadline for the submission of full papers: 31 July 2016 The issue is scheduled for publication in Spring 2017.
Digital media has initiated the transformation of archiving practices with implications for audio-visual archives, written archives and libraries. The substitution of finding aids, including paper cards, by databases is in most instances seen as beneficial and an advance.
However, the digitization of archival holdings poses a lot of questions that have not yet been thoroughly discussed. The physical nature of the sources is no longer an obstacle to their universal accessibility. Is digitization thus leading to the disappearance of the emphatic notion of the archive, because digitized materials are becoming mere elements of the constantly growing and flowing mass of data in electronic circuits?
Will digital techniques replace the archive as an institution? Do we have to envision archives without records and without a documentation strategy – and documentarists as hackers who build ad hoc collections from randomly commented links?
With regard to broadcast archives, it can be observed that the form and comprehensibility of metadata, access and usage regulations have not kept pace with digitization. How can this asynchrony be dissolved? How can the means of digital technology and the Internet be used to create comprehensible and accessible metadata? How can archives be connected – are there historical examples we could learn from?
Articles for this special issue, ‘Archives of the Digital’ could, for example, address ideas and visions for the reconfiguration of archives, or the epistemology of the archive (and its notions), treat exemplary case studies of (interdisciplinary) practices for the interpretation of archival content, or elaborate on the impact of digitization for scholars working in the archives/with archival holdings.
Submissions of 6000–8000 words in length are to be original, scholarly manuscripts formatted according to Intellect House Style guidelines (http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/MediaManager/File/Intellect%20style%20guide.pdf)
Notes should appear as endnotes and cited works listed in alphabetical, then chronological, order in a separate ‘References’ section at the end of the article. Submissions should be in Microsoft Word .doc/.docx format ONLY and sent as e-mail attachments to the guest editors, at email@example.com All inquiries should also be addressed to Hermann Rotermund.
About the journal
Interactions: Studies in Communication & Culture, a journal published by Intellect, recognises the interdisciplinary nature of the fields of media, communication and cultural studies. We therefore encourage diverse themes, subjects, contexts and approaches: empirical, theoretical and historical. Our objective is to engage readers and contributors from different parts of the world in a critical debate on the myriad of interconnections and interactions between communication, culture and society.
Interactions is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal that aims to encourage the development of the widest possible scholarly community, both in terms of geographical location and intellectual scope in the fields of media, communication and cultural studies. We publish leading articles from both established scholars and those at the beginning of their academic careers.
For further information about the journal, please visit http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-Journal,id=165/
CRCC symposium on Media and Time
Loughborough, UK, 15-16 June 2017
We are inviting applications for a symposium on Media and Time, organised by Loughborough University’s Centre for Research in Culture and Communication, due to take place in Loughborough on 15-16 June 2017.
Confirmed key-note speaker: Professor Paddy Scannell, University of Michigan
Media and communication technologies are inextricably bound up with the passage of time. Different forms and genres of mediated communication shape our sense of time in different ways, structure our daily routines, invite us to join in festive occasions, and help us manage the unexpected. They offer narratives and images of the past, contribute to the formation of collective memories, and help us imagine the future.
Media are also themselves subjected to the passage of time: established forms of communication are unsettled by new technologies, as well as by the economic, political and cultural changes occurring in the society at large. Finally, media old and new play an important role in both furthering social change and reproducing the status quo, a fact that only becomes fully apparent once we study the media over a longer stretch of time.
Despite the ubiquitous presence of time in mediated communication, the relationship between the two has so far received only sporadic attention, and is often discussed across different disciplinary field and subfields. This two-day symposium seeks to bring together scholars from diverse disciplinary backgrounds to discuss selected aspects of the relationship between media and time. The event will be organised around three key themes, each addressing a set of related questions:
- Theme 1: The challenges of temporal comparison: While comparative media research typically engages with spatially defined units, it is also possible to apply comparison diachronically, across different points in time. What challenges are brought by shifting from a synchronic to a diachronic plane of comparison, and what are the possible solutions to them?
- Theme 2: Times of memory, times of media: Remembering and mediation are of necessity time-bound practices, yet so far we know rather little about how the temporalities of memory and media interact. Does, for instance, the temporal organisation of mnemonic practices change depending on the temporality of the media form used? How do new technologies, both historically and today, impact on the perceptions of time passing and subsequently also on the way we remember past events?
- Theme 3: The temporalities of media history: Engaging in historical research inevitably involves dealing with temporally bound phenomena, but the temporal character of historical developments in media is rarely explicitly reflected upon. What can be gained by paying more explicit attention to issues of temporality, such as periodization, the differing pace of historical change, or the relationships between simultaneous vs. successive developments?
Convenors: Melodee Beals, Ele Belfiore, Emily Keighley, Thoralf Klein, Sabina Mihelj, Simone Natale, Alena Pfoser, James Stanyer and Peter Yeandle.
Participants will be asked to contribute a small fee to cover meals and related expenses (up to £50, with a discount for PhD students and participants from low-income countries).
Workshop der AG Mediengeschichte der Gesellschaft für Medienwissenschaft und der Abteilung für Medienwissenschaft der Universität Bonn
8. Juli 2016, Universität Bonn, Alte Sternwarte
In der deutschsprachigen Mediengeschichtsschreibung zeigt sich seit geraumer Zeit eine starke Tendenz hin zu Untersuchungen, die kleinere Zeiträume und eng eingegrenzte Gegenstände behandeln. Großangelegte mediengeschichtliche Darstellungen finden sich vor allem noch in für Studienanfängerinnen und -anfänger gedachten Einführungs- und Überblickswerken (bspw. Werner Faulstichs sechsbändige Mediengeschichte). Fachgeschichtlich gesehen markiert dies eine deutliche Abwendung von den vielbeschworenen Anfängen der modernen kulturwissenschaftlichen Medienhistoriografie etwa bei Harold A. Innis (Empire and Communications), Marshall McLuhan (The Gutenberg Galaxy) oder auch Friedrich Kittler (Aufschreibesysteme 1800 / 1900). Grund hierfür sind wohl hauptsächlich theoretische und methodische Verschiebungen im Fach und dessen Umfeld (Kulturtechnikforschung, ANT und STS, ›practical turn‹ u. a.), möglicherweise aber auch andere Umständen, wie etwa der hohe disziplinäre Innovationsdruck, der insbesondere den Nachwuchs dazu zwingt, immer neue, noch unbearbeitete Gegenstände und Fragestellungen zu präsentieren. Jedenfalls hat sich der Schwerpunkt mediengeschichtlicher Studien in den vergangenen Jahren auf die Mikroebene verlagert. Zwar haben in der Geschichtswissenschaft, die sich mit Alltagsgeschichte, Historischer Anthropologie und verwandten Richtungen bereits seit den 1970er und 1980er Jahren mikrologischen Analysen zugewendet hatte, unter den Schlagworten World History und Big History derzeit wieder die großen räumlichen und zeitlichen Maßstäbe Konjunktur. Und auch manche Vertreter der Medienwissenschaft forderten vor nicht allzu langer Zeit eine »universalhistorische« Perspektive. Im Vordergrund des medienhistorischen Interesses stehen heute aber weniger die Erforschung übergreifender medialer Strukturen und Prozesse, die Suche nach mediengeschichtlichen Gesetzmäßigkeiten oder die Beschreibung epochaler Medienumbrüche als vielmehr einzelne Fall- und Feldstudien, ›dichte‹ Beschreibungen partikularer Phänomene und Rekonstruktionen marginaler Objekte. Weiterlesen
Location: Ludwig Wittgenstein House, Unteres Schloß 3, 57072 Siegen, Germany
Organizer: Thomas Haigh (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Sponsor: Collaborative research center „Media of Cooperation“ of Siegen University
URL: http://www.tomandmaria.com/Tom/Workshop16 (check for updates)
The publication of ENIAC In Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer Haigh, Priestley & Rope, 2016) provides an opportunity to showcase new work in the history of computing and explore the place such work within media studies and Computer science, the two key components of Siegen University’s new School of Media and Information. During the workshop many of Europe’s leading scholars of computing history will present their latest research to each other and participate in a series of roundtable discussions structured to provide lively interdisciplinary engagement. Early work on the history of computing was carried out by computers scientists and pioneers. It focused on technical analysis of the computers of the 1940s and 50s. As the history of computing has matured as a scholarly field its focus has shifted to social and cultural analysis and to later time periods. The shift reduced computer scientist Donald Knuth to tears, shed because history was being “dumbed down.“ Now a new generation of scholars is returning to explore the world of early digital platforms and practices, combining careful
attention to materiality and technical concerns with the broader perspectives of scholarly history. This trend creates new opportunities to situate studies of the early digital within media studies, where scholars recognize that the modern world is mediated by the affordances of digital platforms, and within computer science where more scholars may come to share Knuth’s sense that historical knowledge is the foundation of deep technical understanding. Weiterlesen
Automating the Everyday
A symposium hosted by the QUT Digital Media Research Centre http://qut.edu.au/research/dmrc | @qutdmrc
8-9 December 2016
Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Along with related concepts and trends like artificial intelligence (AI), the algorithmic turn, and big data, automation is central to contemporary discourses of and debates about digital transformation. The entanglement of digital media technologies with material culture, the workplace, and the domestic sphere means our everyday lives are coming into contact with automation as well.
CALL FOR PAPERS
Feminist Media Histories: An International Journal
Special Issue on “Data”
Guest Editors: Miriam Posner (UCLA) and Lauren Klein (Georgia Tech)
“Data” has enormous cultural currency in the world today. Most of us understand that corporations are encoding and analyzing our habits, preferences, and behaviors on a massive scale. Personalized music suggestions, predictive policing, and Amazon recommendations are all part of this pervasive data regime. Discussions of this regime, and of data more generally, tend to focus on the present. But the concept of data also has a history, one embedded in a range of cultural, political, and material contexts. Building upon recent feminist scholarship that has drawn our attention to the various ways data shapes twenty first-century life–how data affects our experience of gender, how the effects of gendered data are felt differently across racial lines, and what feminist theory might bring to data and its visualization, to name only a few–this issue seeks to model how feminist histories of data might help us chart a range of unexplored futures. We ask not only how gender and identity can be brought to bear on the concept of data and its emergence, but also how theories and methods associated with feminist scholarship might be employed to illuminate the historical and cultural complexities of data. Weiterlesen